The FSVP importer is the U.S. owner or consignee of the food offered for import (i.e., owns the food, has purchased it, or has agreed in writing to purchase it). If there is no U.S. owner or consignee at time of entry, the FSVP importer is the U.S. agent/representative of the foreign owner/consignee, as confirmed in a signed statement of consent. The key is that there be a FSVP importer in the United States who takes responsibility for meeting the FSVP requirements.
Section 301-Foreign Supplier Verification Program (FSVP) places the responsibility for safety of the food products squarely on the shoulders of the importers who are introducing food products into the U.S. Furthermore, they will be held accountable for any food safety issues related to the imported food products and their suppliers.
In order to establish and carry out the FSVP actions, you will need one or more Qualified Individuals (QI). Importers must ensure that the designated QI’s understand the terminology of all records requiring review.
The QI is responsible for implementing corrective actions whenever is determine that an imported food is not in compliance with Preventive Controls, Produce Safety regulation and/or is adulterated or misbranded according the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.